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  1. Feature lists are nice, but they can get lengthy and they don't always tell the story in a way that's relevant to you as the developer or designer in the trenches, trying to get real work done for real clients. You hear plenty about theoretical benefits of CSS animations or some whiz-bang library that claims to solve various challenges, but then you discover things fall apart in all but the most modern browsers or the API is exceedingly cumbersome or there are frustrating "gotchas". You need things to just work. .expander { cursor: pointer; font-weight: 400; position: relative; } section .card{ padding-bottom: 6px; margin-bottom: 10px; padding-left: 35px; padding-top: 6px; box-shadow: none; } .expandable-list { padding-left: 0; } .expandable-content { padding: 0; height: 0; overflow: hidden; } .expander-button { position: absolute; border-radius: 50%; background-color: #BBB; width: 15px; height: 15px; display: inline-block; vertical-align: middle; border: 1px solid #FFF; margin-top: 8px; /* vertically center with heading top: 50%; margin-top: -9px; */ left: -8px; margin-left: -18px; font-size: 0px; } .expander-plus, .expander-minus { position: absolute; background-color: #FFF; display: block; } .expander-plus { width: 1px; height: 7px; left: 6px; top: 3px; } .expander-minus { width: 7px; height: 1px; top: 6px; left: 3px; } .project-post p { font-family: "Lucida Grande", "Lucida Sans Unicode", Helvetica, Arial, Verdana, sans-serif; } .project-post h2 { padding-top: 16px; margin-bottom: 10px; } .expPoint, .project-post .expList li { font-size: 1.1em; list-style: none; line-height: normal; margin: 0px 0px 0px 8px; padding: 6px 4px 4px 20px; position:relative; border: 1px solid rgba(204,204,204,0); } .expPoint, .expContent { font-family: "Lucida Grande", "Lucida Sans Unicode", Helvetica, Arial, Verdana, sans-serif; } .expPoint:hover, .project-post .expList li:hover { background-color:white; border: 1px solid rgb(216,216,216); } .expContent { height: 0px; overflow: hidden; color: #656565; font-size: 0.9em; line-height: 150%; font-weight: normal; margin: 5px 0px 0px 0px; padding-top: 0px; } .toggle { width:6px; height:8px; position:absolute; background-image:url(/_img/toggle_arrow.gif); background-repeat: no-repeat; left: 9px; top: 12px; } .expMore { color: #71b200; text-decoration: underline; font-size:0.8em; } #featureAnimation, #featureBox { background-color:#000; border: 1px solid #333; height: 220px; overflow:hidden; line-height: normal; font-size: 80%; } #featureAnimation { position:relative; visibility:hidden; } #featureBox { position:absolute; } #featureAnimation, #featureBox, #whyGSAP, .featureTextGreen, .featureTextWhite { width: 838px; } #whyGSAP, .featureTextGreen, .featureTextWhite { text-align: center; } #whyGSAP, .featureTextGreen, .featureTextWhite { font-size:50px; position:absolute; font-family: "Lucida Grande", "Lucida Sans Unicode", Helvetica, Arial, Verdana, sans-serif; top:0; } .featureTextGreen { color:#91e600; font-weight: bold; } .featureTextWhite { color:white; font-weight:normal; } .star { position: absolute; width: 16px; height: 16px; display: none; } #browserIcons { top:64px; left: 100px; width: 92px; height: 92px; position: absolute; text-align:left; } #browserIcons img { position:absolute; } .featureTextMinor { color:#CCCCCC; font-weight:normal; font-size:20px; position:absolute; font-family: "Lucida Grande", "Lucida Sans Unicode", Helvetica, Arial, Verdana, sans-serif; visibility:hidden; } .dot { position:absolute; background-color: #91e600; } #ctrl_slider { position:absolute; width: 725px; height:10px; left:18px; top:196px; background: rgba(80,80,80,0.3); border:1px solid rgba(102,102,102,0.5); visibility:hidden; } Why GSAP? Performance Compatibility Other tools fall down in older browsers, but GSAP is remarkably compatible. Scale, rotate & move independently (impossible with CSS animations/transitions) XNJYHQLJYQEW CSS, canvas libraries, colors, beziers, etc. Total control pause(), play(), reverse(), or timeScale() any tween or sequence. GSAP The new standard for HTML5 animation replay
  2. With over 100,000 posts in the popular GreenSock forums, we've noticed some common mistakes that you'd be wise to avoid. We threw in a few tips as well. Here is a summary of the mistakes: Creating from() logic issues Not setting ALL transforms with GSAP Not using xPercent and yPercent Recreating animations over and over Adding tweens to completed timelines Not using loops Importing things incorrectly Using the old/verbose syntax Creating from() logic issues It's usually smart to use .to() and .from() tweens instead of .fromTo() because they're more dynamic - they pull either the starting or ending values from whatever they happen to CURRENTLY be at the time that tween renders for the first time. It’s one of the tips in the article on animating efficiently. But be careful because that dynamic nature can bite you in a few scenarios. First, keep in mind that .from() tweens go from the provided value to the current value. Take a look at this example: See the Pen Illustrating .from() effects - Part 1 by GreenSock (@GreenSock) on CodePen. Try clicking it one time and letting it play. It works, fading in the element. Now try clicking it multiple times right after each other. The box stops showing up because it uses the current opacity as the end point which, if the animation has not completed, is some value less than 1. The fix for this is simple: use a .fromTo(). Alternatively you could create the animation beforehand and use a control method (we'll talk more about this approach later in this article). See the Pen Illustrating .from() effects - Part 1 by GreenSock (@GreenSock) on CodePen. Second, keep in mind that by default immediateRender is true by default for .from() and .fromTo() tweens because that's typically the most intuitive behavior (if you're animating from a certain value, it should start there right away). But if you create a .from() tween after a .to() tween affecting the same properties of the same object, try to figure out what will happen: const tl = gsap.timeline() tl.to(".box", {x: 100}); tl.from(".box", {x: 100}); You might expect the box to animate x from 0 to 100 and then back to 0. Or maybe you'd expect it to animate from 0 to 100 and then stay at 100. Let’s see what happens: See the Pen Illustrating .from() effects - Part 1 by GreenSock (@GreenSock) on CodePen. The box animates x from 100 to 100 and then back to 0. Why is that? By default .to() tweens wait to render until their playhead actually moves (it's a waste of CPU cycles to render at a time of 0 because nothing will have changed). But since from() has immediateRender: true, x jumps to 100 immediately on the current tick! Then it runs the .to() tween on the next tick (since it’s first in the timeline) and records the current starting value which is 100! So it animates 100 to 100 over 0.5 seconds. Then it runs the .from() tween which has the cached value of 0 as the end value. If you have several timelines affecting the same element, situations like this can be a little tricky to catch. So just be mindful of how things work when using .to() and .from() tweens. They’re very powerful but with power comes responsibility. A simple solution here is to set immediateRender: true on the .to() tween, or immediateRender: false on the .from() tween. The third situation is similar but involves repeatRefresh and repeats. Let’s say you have a situation where you want a looped animation that fades in some text and fades it out. You could create a timeline, use a .from() to fade in the text, then use a .to() to fade it out: const tl = gsap.timeline({repeat:-1}); tl.set(".text", { color: "random([green, gray, orange, pink])" }, 2); tl.from(chars, { opacity: 0 }); tl.to(chars, { opacity: 0 }); This will work just fine! Here’s the same thing but staggered using SplitText to make it look a little nicer: See the Pen Fade in and out text by GreenSock (@GreenSock) on CodePen. But this only randomizes the colors at the start. What if we want new random values each repeat? That’s where repeatRefresh comes in. Let’s add repeatRefresh: true to see what happens: See the Pen Random on Reset (wrong way) by GreenSock (@GreenSock) on CodePen. The animation plays correctly the first time but after that the elements don’t fade in a second time! Why is that? repeatRefresh uses the end values of the animation as the starting values of the next iteration. In this case, the opacity of our text elements are all 0 at the end. So when the animation gets to the .from() the second time around, the opacity animates from a value of 0 to a value of 0 since the tween is relative. What we want to do instead is always animate from a value of 0 to a value of 1 so here the easiest fix is to use a .fromTo(): See the Pen Random on Reset by GreenSock (@GreenSock) on CodePen. Now it does what we want. There are other solutions like using a .set() before the .from() but most often it’s easiest to just use a .fromTo() in cases like this. Not setting ALL transforms with GSAP If you are going to animate an element with GSAP, even the initial transform values (including on SVG elements) should be set with GSAP because it delivers better: Accuracy - The browser always reports computed values in pixels, thus it's impossible for GSAP to discern when you use another unit like % or vw in your CSS rule. Also, computed values are in matrix() or matrix3d() which are inherently ambiguous when it comes to rotation and scale. The matrix for 0, 360, and 720 degrees are identical. A scaleX of -1 results in the same matrix as something with rotation of 180 degrees and scaleY of -1. There are infinite combinations that are identical, but when you set transform-related values with GSAP, everything is saved in a perfectly accurate way. Performance - GSAP caches transform-related values to make things super fast. Parsing all of the components from a computed value is more expensive. If you are worried about a flash of unstyled content, you can handle that by using a technique that hides the element initially and then shows it via JavaScript as this post covers. Or you can set the initial styles with CSS rules and ALSO set them in GSAP. Not using xPercent and yPercent Did you know that you can combine percentage-based translation and other units? This is super useful if, for example, you'd like to align the center of an element with a particular offset, like {xPercent: -50, yPercent: -50, x: 100, y: 300}. We often see people use percent values in the x and y properties which is technically possible but can cause confusion at times. For example, if you set x and y to "-50%" and then later you set xPercent: -50, you'd see it move as if it's at xPercent: -100 because the x and xPercent both have -50%. Whenever you're setting a percentage-based translation, it's typically best to use the xPercent and yPercent properties. // Not recommended x: "50%", y: "50%", // Recommended xPercent: 50, yPercent: 50 Recreating animations over and over Creating your tweens and timelines beforehand has several advantages: Performance - Instead of having to create them right as they’re needed, you can do it ahead of time. Additionally, you need fewer instances of animations. Most of the time you’d never notice, but it’s good practice. Simplified logic - This is especially true when related to user interaction events. Freedom - Want to pause an animation when an event happens? Do it. Want to reverse an animation when the user does something? No problem. This sort of thing is much more difficult to handle when you create animations inside of event callbacks. Most of the time when you create animations beforehand, you will want to keep them paused until they’re needed. Then you can use control methods like .play(), .pause(), .reverse(), .progress(), .seek(), .restart(), and .timeScale() to affect their play state. Here’s a simple example: See the Pen Playing and reversing an animation on hover by GreenSock (@GreenSock) on CodePen. For more information related to creating animations beforehand, you can see the animating efficiently article. One exception to this rule is when you need things to be dynamic, like if the initial values may vary. For example, if you’re animating the height of the bars in a chart between various states and the user may click different buttons quickly, it’d make sense to create the animation each time to ensure they flow from whatever the current state is (even if it's mid-tween) like the demo below. See the Pen Playing and reversing an animation on hover by GreenSock (@GreenSock) on CodePen. Adding tweens to completed timelines A common pattern of mistakes that I’ve seen goes like this: const tl = gsap.timeline() tl.to(myElem, { x: 100 }); myElem.addEventListener("click", () => tl.to(myElem, { x: 300 }) ); Did you catch the mistake? If you add new tweens to a timeline that is already completed, they won’t be called unless you re-run the timeline. Almost always in these situations you should just use control methods for a previously created animation or create a new animation instead (not using an existing timeline) following the guidelines that we covered in the previous section. Not using loops If you want to apply the same effect to multiple elements (sections, cards, buttons, etc.) when a certain event happens to each one, you should almost always use a loop. For example, don’t use a selector like "button" when you want it to affect just one button. For example, if you wanted to fire an effect when each button is clicked: // BAD: immediately animates ALL buttons at once! gsap.effects.explode("button", { direction: "up", duration: 3 }); // GOOD: animation is specific to each button, and only when clicked gsap.utils.toArray("button").forEach(btn => btn.addEventListener("click", () => gsap.effects.explode(btn, { direction: "up", duration: 3 })) }); Inside of this loop, you can use a selector that is scoped to the given element so that you're only getting things INSIDE that element. For example: gsap.utils.toArray(".container").forEach(container => { let info = container.querySelector(".information"), silhouette = container.querySelector(".silhouette .cover"), tl = gsap.timeline({ paused: true }); tl.to(info, { yPercent: 0 }) .to(silhouette, { opacity: 0 }, 0); container.addEventListener("mouseenter", () => tl.play() ); container.addEventListener("mouseleave", () => tl.reverse() ); }); See the Pen Who's That Pokémon? - forEach example demo by GreenSock (@GreenSock) on CodePen. Importing GSAP incorrectly A common issue people face when using GSAP in a module environment is importing GSAP or its plugins incorrectly. Most of the time import errors error can be avoided by thoroughly reading the relevant parts of the installation page. I won't copy all of the details into this post, but be sure to make use of that page if you're facing any sort of import error. It even has a very handy GSAP install helper tool that can generate the correct import code to use in most environments. Using the old/verbose syntax Drop the Lite/Max I regularly see people using the old syntax even though they are loading GSAP 3. Old habits die hard. Even though the old syntax still technically works, the new modern GSAP 3 syntax is sleeker and simpler. Plus the old syntax won't be supported in GSAP 4 (which is far off in the future, but it's still a good idea to write future-friendly code). For example instead of using something that has Lite/Max in it, just use gsap: // old TweenLite.to() TweenMax.from() new TimelineMax() // new gsap.to() gsap.from() gsap.timeline() Use the string form for eases The shorter string form of eases requires less typing and lets you avoid extra import statements in module environments. // old Power2.easeOut Sine.easeInOut // new "power2" // The default is .out "sine.inOut" Duration belongs in the vars parameter Putting the duration inside of the vars parameter does require a bit more typing, but it makes things more readable and intuitive. GSAP’s defaults and effects are very helpful but you can’t make use of them if you’re putting the duration as the second parameter. // old gsap.to(elem, 1, { x: 100 }); // new gsap.to(elem, { duration: 1, x: 100}); // using GSAP’s defaults: const tl = gsap.timeline({ defaults: { duration: 1 } }); tl.to(elem, { x: 100 }); // no duration necessary! tl.to(elem, { y: 100, duration: 3 }); // easily overwrite the default value For a more full listing of changes in GSAP 3, check out the GSAP 3 Migration Guide. Numerical values don’t usually need to be strings For example if you want to set the x transform to 100 pixels, you don’t need to say x: "100px", you can just say x: 100. Simple! The only time when you need to pass numerical values as strings are if you need to change the unit (like x: "10vw") or pass in a complex value (like transformOrigin: "0px 50px"). The target of a tween can be a selector string I often see people do something like this: gsap.to(document.querySelectorAll(".box"), { x: 100 }); Or even with jQuery: gsap.to($(".box"), { x: 100 }); Both of the above will work but could be simplified by passing a selector string in as the target; GSAP will automatically use .querySelectorAll() to get a list of all of the elements that match. So the above can be written simple as gsap.to(".box", { x: 100 }); You could also pass in a complex selector string like ".box, .card" and it will select all boxes and cards. Or use an Array of elements so long as they are of the same type (selector string, variable reference, generic object, etc.). Conclusion So how'd you do? Is your GSAP code clear of these common mistakes? Hopefully you learned a few things. As always, if you need any help, the GreenSock forums are a fantastic resource. We love to help people develop their animation superpowers. If you're looking for another great learning resource, read how to animate efficiently! Now go forth and tween responsibly!
  3. Note: the ActionScript version of the GreenSock Animation Platform still works great and you're welcome to use it, but it is no longer officially supported. Our customer base made it very clear that JavaScript was the future of web-based dynamic animation, and we have been focused there for years. Please see the JavaScript Getting Started Guide for more information. Quick links Introduction Installing the code Importing Basic tweening with TweenLite Special properties Plugins Overwriting other tweens Controling tweens Which class do I use? TweenLite? TweenMax? TweenNano? Building a sequence with TimelineLite Need help? Introduction Animating with code may seem intimidating at first, but don't worry - you'll get the hang of it quickly. The GreenSock Animation Platform (GSAP) was engineered to make it simple and intuitive. For now, we'll focus on getting you up and running with the core engine, TweenLite, and then we'll discuss if and when you might want to put the other tools to work for you (like TweenMax, TimelineLite, TimelineMax, etc.). Installing the code Go to your account dashboard page and click the AS2 or AS3 link in the downloads area to download a zip file containing the entire GreenSock Animation Platform in the language you specified. Unzip the file and you'll see a folder containing several swfs, documentation, and a folder named "com" - that's the critical one. Take that "com" folder with all its contents and drop it into the same folder as your FLA file (or if you're an advanced user, set up a classpath to wherever you want). Make sure that you leave the directory structure inside the "com" folder in-tact; it has a "greensock" folder with several ActionScript files inside, along with a few subdirectories. You can throw away the swfs from the zip download and the documentation, etc. if you want. The only critical files are inside that "com" folder. When you publish your swf, Flash looks for that "com" folder, reads the code from inside of it, and embeds it into your published swf. You do NOT need to put the "com" folder on your web server. Once the swf is created, it is completely independent and has no dependencies on the class files because they have been embedded into the compressed swf. Your FLA file has the dependencies, not the swf. There's a great ActiveTuts article here about using 3rd party tools in your Flash projects and it covers some of the more advanced installation/configuration options. Importing In order for Flash to understand what you mean when you type "TweenLite" (or "TweenMax" or any of the GreenSock classes), you must tell it where to find the class file(s). That's what an import statement does. It acts as a pointer that tells Flash where it should look. After all, there could be a completely different "TweenLite" class that another author created, and you need a way to tell Flash which one you're talking about. Typically you put your import statement at the top of the frame or the custom class you created. And, yes, just like any class, you must add the import statement to all frames or classes that contain code referencing it. This does not add extra kb to your file every time you import it. Flash is smart enough to embed it once and all the import statements just act as a "pointer" to the embedded class. To import just the TweenLite class, do: import com.greensock.TweenLite; To import TweenLite and TweenMax, do: import com.greensock.TweenLite; import com.greensock.TweenMax; To import all of the classes in the com.greensock package (don't worry, Flash will only embed the classes that you actually use in your code), do: import com.greensock.*; You'll probably also want to import the easing classes as well (we'll talk more about them later), so this is code that you should get used to putting at the top of your frames or class files because it covers almost everything you'd need and it's shorter than typing out each class every time: import com.greensock.*; import com.greensock.easing.*; Basic tweening with TweenLite Each tween you create needs a target (the object you want to tween), the duration of the tween (typically described in seconds), and the properties that you want to tween, along with their corresponding end values. Let's say, for example, you have a MovieClip named "mc" and you'd like to tween its x property to a value of 100 (sliding it across the screen) over the course of 1.5 seconds. You can use TweenLite's to() method to do it: TweenLite.to(mc, 1.5, {x:100}); The first parameter is the target, the second is the duration, and the third is an object with one or more properties that correspond to your target object's properties. Since it's a to() tween, you're telling TweenLite to tween from whatever the x property happens to be at the time the tween begins (now in this case), to a value of 100. If you want to also tween the y property to 200 and the alpha property to 0.5, you'd do: TweenLite.to(mc, 1.5, {x:100, y:200, alpha:0.5}); There is no limit to the number of properties you can tween. And TweenLite can tween any numeric property of any object, not just a predetermined list of DisplayObject/MovieClip properties. Since there's an AS2 version as well, you can simply change the property names to reflect their AS2 equivalents, like: TweenLite.to(mc, 1.5, {_x:100, _y:200, _alpha:50}); Here's an interactive demo that allows you to build tweens yourself and see the corresponding code at the bottom: There is also a very useful from() method that allows you to define the starting values in the tween and go backwards. So the current values will be used as the end values, and the ones you define in the tween will be the starting values. This makes it easy to, for example, set things up on the stage where you'd like the objects to end, and then animate them into place. Let's say your mc object's y property is at 200 and alpha is at 1, and you'd like to have it "drop" into place from above while fading in over the course of 1.5 seconds, you could do: TweenLite.from(mc, 1.5, {y:0, alpha:0}); If you prefer a more object-oriented approach and/or would like to store references to your tweens in variables so that you can control them later (for example, pause(), resume(), reverse(), restart()), you can create a tween like this (which is identical to a to() tween): var myTween:TweenLite = new TweenLite(mc, 1, {x:100, y:200, alpha:0.5}); Special properties A special property is a reserved keyword that TweenLite recognizes and handles differently than it would a normal property. One example is delay which allows you to delay a tween from starting until a certain number of seconds has elapsed. For example, this tween will wait 2 seconds before beginning: TweenLite.to(mc, 1, {x:100, delay:2}); TweenLite recognizes several special properties that are quite useful, like onComplete, ease, overwrite, paused, useFrames, immediateRender, onStart, onUpdate, onCompleteParams, and more. Please read the full documentation for details. Two of the most common special properties you'll likely use are ease and onComplete. To alter the rate of change during a tween, you can choose from many different easing equations from either the com.greensock.easing package or Flash's own easing classes or Robert Penner's. The interactive demo above allows you to chose different equations and see how they affect the tween. The onComplete special property gives you a way to call any function when the tween completes, making it simple to create a chain of events. Here is a tween that uses the Elastic.easeOut ease, delays its start time by 0.5 seconds, and calls myFunction() when it completes: TweenLite.to(mc, 1.5, {x:100, ease:Elastic.easeOut, delay:0.5, onComplete:myFunction}); function myFunction():void { trace("tween finished"); } Plugins Think of plugins like special properties that are dynamically added to TweenLite (and/or TweenMax), giving it extra abilities that it doesn't normally have by default. Each plugin is associated with a property name and it takes responsibility for handling that property. For example, the FrameLabelPlugin is associated with the frameLabel property name so if it is activated it will intercept the frameLabel property in the following tween and manage it uniquely: TweenLite.to(mc, 1, {frameLabel:"myLabel"}); If the FrameLabelPlugin wasn't activated, TweenLite would act as though you were trying to literally tween the mc.frameLabel property (and there is no such thing). Activating a plugin requires a single line of code and you only need to do it once in your application, so it's pretty easy. Simply pass an Array containing the names of all the plugins you'd like to activate to the TweenPlugin.activate() method, like this: import com.greensock.plugins.*; TweenPlugin.activate([FrameLabelPlugin, ColorTransformPlugin, TintPlugin]); To make it even easier, I created the Plugin Explorer which writes the code for you. All you need to do is select the plugins and copy/paste the code from the bottom of the tool. It also displays interactive examples of each plugin and the associated code so that it's easy to see the correct syntax. TweenLite does not activate any plugins by default, but TweenMax does. When a plugin is activated, it affects both TweenLite and TweenMax. Overwriting other tweens An often overlooked aspect of tweening is how (and if and when) tweens overwrite other tweens of the same object. For example, let's say you have a button with ROLL_OVER and ROLL_OUT handlers that tween its alpha higher on ROLL_OVER and lower on ROLL_OUT. To further complicate things, let's say the ROLL_OVER tween lasts 2 seconds and the ROLL_OUT tween lasts 1 second. What should happen if the user rolls over/out/over/out quickly? See the problem? If tweens are allowed to run without any kind of overwriting, they'll build up and fight with each other (one trying to tween the alpha higher, and the other lower). In this example, when the user rolls over, a 2-second tween would start increasing the alpha to 1, but if the user rolled off 0.2 seconds later, another tween would begin, causing the alpha to decrease. When that tween finishes 1 second later, the ROLL_OVER tween is still going (since it had a duration of 2 seconds), so the alpha would suddenly jump up and finish off at a value of 1 even though the user rolled out! Don't worry. We've got you covered. By default, whenever a TweenLite instance renders for the first time (after any delay), it analyzes all other active tweens of the same target and checks for individual overlapping properties. If it finds any, it kills the offending overlaps (again, only the individual properties). This overwrite mode is called "auto" and it is typically the most intuitive. However, there may be times when you want the new tween to kill all other tweens of the same object regardless of their start times or overlapping properties. That is what the "all" overwrite mode is for. And to skip overwriting altogether, you can define an overwrite mode of "none". There are several other modes to choose from too, so check out the full docs for details. You define an overwrite mode with the overwrite special property like this: //overwrites all tweens of mc immediately TweenLite.to(mc, 1, {x:50, overwrite:"all"}); //doesn't overwrite anything (allows conflicts) TweenLite.to(mc, 1, {x:50, overwrite:"none"}); //overwrites only individual overlapping properties on concurrent tweens of mcmyElement (this is the default, so you typically don't need to specify any overwrite in this scenario) TweenLite.to(mc, 1, {x:50, overwrite:"auto"}); //set the default overwrite mode to "all" instead of "auto" TweenLite.defaultOverwrite = "all"; Of course you can manually kill all the tweens of a particular object using the TweenLite.killTweensOf() method, but the nice thing about defining overwrite modes is that the overwriting doesn't kick in until it's necessary (when the tween renders for the first time) which is essential when working with complex sequences. Controlling tweens Once a tween is created, you may want to pause(), resume(), reverse(), play(), restart(), invalidate(), or kill() it. It's pretty easy, actually: var myTween:TweenLite = new TweenLite(mc, 1, {x:100, y:100}); //pause myTween.pause(); //resume (honors direction - reversed or not) myTween.resume(); //reverse (always goes back towards the beginning) myTween.reverse(); //play() (always goes forwards) myTween.play(); //restart myTween.restart(); //invalidate (clears out any starting values that were recorded and forces the tween to re-initialize on the next render) myTween.invalidate(); //kill the tween immediately myTween.kill(); //kill all tweens of the mc object TweenLite.killTweensOf(mc); TweenMax has some additional static methods for getting all the tweens of a particular object, pausing them all, resuming, getting tweens of objects that are children of a certain DisplayObject, and more (see documentation for details). Which class do I use? TweenLite? TweenMax? TweenNano? If you can afford the file size (roughly 23kb with the default plugins), just use TweenMax. It is the most full-featured tweening engine and it automatically handles activating a bunch of useful plugins by default, so it makes things very easy. If, however, you're concerned about file size and want precise control over which plugins get activated, TweenLite is for you. It's amazingly capable for its size and has all the essentials crammed into about 8kb. It is really the core of the whole platform and has become incredibly popular. If you simply must shave off another 6k and are willing to sacrifice quite a few features (most notably lack of support for plugins and insertion into TimelineLite/Max instances), use the ridiculously small 2k TweenNano. I would strongly recommend sticking with TweenLite or TweenMax if you can, though, because they offer much more flexibility than TweenNano. All of the engines use exactly the same syntax, so these lines will produce identical results: TweenNano.to(mc, 1.5, {x:100, y:200, onComplete:myFunction, ease:Strong.easeOut}); TweenLite.to(mc, 1.5, {x:100, y:200, onComplete:myFunction, ease:Strong.easeOut}); TweenMax.to(mc, 1.5, {x:100, y:200, onComplete:myFunction, ease:Strong.easeOut}); Keep in mind that TweenMax extends TweenLite, so it does everything TweenLite does, plus more. And the plugins that are activated by default in TweenMax can also be activated in TweenLite (the only exception being roundProps), so with a couple of extra lines of code at the start of your application, TweenLite can have many of the same capabilities as TweenMax (activating plugins increases the file size beyond 4.7k obviously). There are several features that are only available in TweenMax, though, so check the documentation. Sequencing and grouping tweens with TimelineLite Unlike most other scripted animation tools, sequencing in GSAP is much more flexible than building a queue of tweens that run one-after-the-other. You have complete control over the relative timing of each tween - they can overlap as much as you want. And you can control entire sequences as a whole, reverse smoothly anytime, jump to any point, adjust the timeScale(), etc. and everything renders in the proper order. Watch this video for a visual demo showing how TimelineLite can save you a lot of time. Although the video uses the HTML5/JavaScript version of GSAP, the same concepts apply to ActionScript. Of course you could sequence tweens by using the delay special property on all your tweens, but that can get complicated when you build a long sequence and then later want to change the timing of something early in the sequence (you'd have to adjust all the delay values in tweens after that). Plus it would be a pain to control the whole sequence, like to pause() or resume() or reverse() the group on-the-fly. Sequencing is much easier with TimelineLite and its big brother, TimelineMax. Let's jump into some sample code: //create a TimelineLite instance var tl = new TimelineLite(); //append a to() tween tl.to(mc, 1, {x:50}); //add another sequenced tween (by default, tweens are added to the end of the timeline which makes sequencing simple) tl.to(mc, 1, {height:300p, ease:Elastic.easeOut}); //offset the next tween by 0.75 seconds so there's a gap between the end of the previous tween and this new one tl.to(mc, 1, {alpha:0.5}, "+=0.75"); //overlap the next tween with the previous one by 0.5 seconds (notice the negative offset at the end) tl.to(mc, 1, {rotation:360}, "-=0.5"); //animate 3 MovieClips (mc1, mc2, and mc3) to a rotation of 60 degrees, and stagger their start times by 0.2 seconds tl.staggerTo([mc1, mc2, mc3], 1, {rotation:60}, 0.2); //then call myFunction() tl.call(myFunction); //now we can control the entire sequence with the standard methods like these: tl.pause(); tl.resume(); tl.restart(); tl.reverse(); tl.play(); //jump to exactly 2.5 seconds into the animation tl.seek(2.5); //slow down playback to 10% of the normal speed tl.timeScale(0.1); //add a label named "myLabel" at exactly 3 seconds: tl.add("myLabel", 3); //add a tween that starts at "myLabel" tl.add( TweenLite.to(mc, 1, {scale:0.5}), "myLabel"); //jump to "myLabel" and play from there: tl.play("myLabel"); Think of a timeline (as in a TimelineLite or TimelineMax instance) like a collection of tweens that are positioned at specific places on that timeline. It controls their playback. Timelines can be nested inside other timelines as deeply as you want. This is a very powerful concept because it allows you to control entire sequences in a modular way. Imagine 100 characters individually animating into place in a staggered fashion (100 tweens). They could all be grouped into a TimelineLite instance and then controled as a whole (using common methods like pause(), resume(), reverse(), restart(), etc.). In fact, you could create functions that return animations wrapped in a TimelineLite so that you can easily build a larger, more complex animation in a modular way. A central concept to grasp is that every tween is inserted into a timeline. By default, it's the root timeline inside the engine. When a timeline is playing, its virtual playhead advances. If you reverse() a timeline, the playhead travels in the opposite direction back towards its beginning. As the timeline's playhead encounters tweens, it plays them accordingly. For example, if the playhead is positioned halfway through a tween, that tween will render as though it is 50% finished. If the timeline's timeScale() is set to 0.5, that would cause the playhead to travel at half speed. Consequently, any tweens it encounters would also appear to progress at half speed. Once you get the hang of how timelines work, they can revolutionize your animation workflow. Just like tweens, timelines play immediately by default but you can pause them initially using pause() or by setting paused:true in the vars parameter of the constructor. There are quite a few methods available in the timeline classes that give you precise control, and we'd encourage you to look through the docs to see what's available. If you can think of something you'd like to do, chances are there's a way to do it. Just like the way TweenMax extends TweenLite, TimelineMax extends TimelineLite, using identical syntax and adding several useful (but non-essential) features like AS3 event dispatching, repeat(), repeatDelay(), getActive(), getLabelAfter(), getLabelBefore(), currentLabel(), and more. Please refer to the TimelineMax documentation for details. Here's an interactive demo of TimelineMax: Need help? Feel free to post your question on the forums. Keep in mind that you'll increase your chances of getting a prompt answer if you provide a brief explanation and include a simplified FLA file (and any class files) that clearly demonstrates the problem.
  4. Note: This page was created for GSAP version 2. We have since released GSAP 3 with many improvements. While it is backward compatible with most GSAP 2 features, some parts may need to be updated to work properly. Please see the GSAP 3 release notes for details. This video walks you through some common problems that professional animators face every day and shows you how GSAP’s TimelineLite tackles these challenges with ease. Although GSAP is very powerful and flexible, the API is beginner-friendly. In no time you will be creating TimelineLite animations that can bend and adapt to the needs of the most demanding clients and art directors. Watch the video and ask yourself, "Can my current animation toolset do this?" Enjoy. Video Highlights Tweens in a TimelineLite naturally play one-after-the-other (the default insertion point is at the end of the timeline). No need to specify or update the delay of each tween every time the slightest timing changes are made. Tweens in a TimelineLite don't need to play in direct sequence; you can overlap them or easily add gaps. Multiple tweens can all start at the same time or slightly staggered. Easily to rearrange the order in which tweens play. Jump to any point of the timeline to finesse a particular animation. No need to watch the whole animation each time. Add labels anywhere in the timeline to mark where other tweens should be added, or use them for navigation. Control the speed of the timeline with timeScale(). Full control over every aspect of playback: play, pause, reverse, resume, jump to any label or time, and much more. Unlike jQuery.animate() or other JS libraries that allow you to chain together multiple animations on a particular object, GSAP’s TimelineLite lets you sequence multiple tweens on multiple objects. It's a radically different and more practical approach that allows for precise synchronization and flexibility. If you are still considering CSS3 animations or transitions for robust animation after watching this video, please watch it again Check out this Pen! If you are wondering what "autoAlpha" refers to in the code above, its a convenience feature of CSSPlugin that intelligently handles "opacity" and "visibility" combined. Recommended reading: Main GSAP JS page Jump Start: GSAP JS Speed comparison Cage matches: CSS3 transitions vs GSAP | jQuery vs GSAP jQuery.animate() with GSAP: get the jquery.gsap.js plugin! 3D Transforms & More CSS3 Goodies Arrive in GSAP JS
  5. Hi, I'm just getting started with GSAP and am attempting to create a specific animation that I was hoping I could get some direction on how to achieve. I have two images on top of one another and would like to reveal the image at the bottom as the user moves their cursor down over the top image - kind of a peel down effect. Two parts I don't yet understand are how to use the y coordinate and how to only hide the top image to that coordinate. Is that even the right way of thinking? I've managed so far to fade the top image in and out based on mouse hover with the following code: HTML <span class="phone"> <img src="~/img/iphone-black.png" alt="" class="black" /> <img src="~/img/iphone-white.png" alt="" class="white" /> </span> CSS .phone { position: relative; display: block; width: 400px; /* TODO: responsive? */ height: 800px; } .phone .black { position: absolute; z-index: 2; } .phone .white { position: absolute; z-index: 1; } JS $(function () { setUpMouseEvents(); }); function setUpMouseEvents() { var container = $('.phone'); var blackPhone = $('img.black', container); var whitePhone = $('img.white', container); $(container).mouseover(function (e) { TweenMax.to(blackPhone, 1, { autoAlpha: 0, ease: Linear.easeOut, onComplete: function () { blackPhone.css('display', 'none'); // hide element in DOM } }); }); $(container).mouseleave(function (e) { blackPhone.css('display', 'block'); TweenMax.to(blackPhone, 1, { autoAlpha: 1, ease: Linear.easeIn }); }); } Thanks. Michael
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